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15 Beautiful Endangered Plants with Their Names and Pictures

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15 Beautiful Endangered Plants with Their Names and Pictures

There are many species are become endangered daily on earth. One of such endangered species are plants. Endangered plants are those plant species that will soon be on the verge extinction. World has been blessed with the most diverse types of fauna that include many flowering plants and trees which can be attributed to their large forms of topology, climate and atmosphere. These beautiful plants survival in threatened by degradation of their natural habitat, invasive species threats, excessive harvesting and climate change. Many species of trees in forests around world are listed as endangered plants and consideration must be taken not to become extinct in the near future.

Endangered plants

List of Top 15 Endangered and Critically Endangered Plants:

Here are the list of endangered plants with names and pictures.

1. Paphiopedilum Fairrieanum:

Endangered Paphiopedilum Fairrieanum plants

Paphiopedilum fairrieanum is a type of orchid which grows from eastern Himalaya to Assam at an elevation of 1400 to 2200 meters and can be found in grassland, shrubland and forest. This critically endangered plant belongs to the Orchidaceae family and is also known as Lady Slipper Orchid. These orchids usually bloom during winters.

Distribution: Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Sikkim.

Threats: Specimen collection, fires, loss and destruction of habitat and climate change.

2. Lilium Mackliniae:

Endangered plants Lilium Mackliniae in India

Lilium mackliniae is a specie of endangered plant which is found only in the Shirui hill ranges of Manipur’s Ukhrul district. These rare lilies are also known as Shirui Lily grows only at an elevation of 1730 to 2590 meters. These trumpet-shaped flowers are pale bluish pink in colour but have seven shades when observed under a microscope. They bloom for a short period only between May and June.

Distribution: Shirui hill ranges in Ukhrul district of Manipur, India.

Threats: Tourism and waste and plastic dumping, invasion of bamboo species, plucking and uprooting the plants.

3. Saussurea Costus:

Endangered species of plants Saussurea Costus

Saussurea costus is a type of thistle which belongs to the genus Saussurea and is endemic to India. These perennial herbs are commonly known as kuth or costus and are used as a medicinal plant. These endangered species of plants are found in the Himalayan region of northern India where they thrive in the high altitude region. The roots of the plant are especially exploited for export to countries like China.

Distribution: Western Ghats, Kishenganga Valley, Jammu-Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh.

Threats: Over collection for medicinal purposes and loss of habitat.

4. Frerea Indica:

Endangered plants Frerea Indica in India

Frerea indica is a small succulent plant which is endemic to the Junnar hill forest in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra. These perennial succulents were on the brink of extinction but have been saved through conservation. They have long branches with elliptic-oblong leaves and have star-shaped cherry-red coloured flowers and yellow markings which flower between August and September.

Distribution: Junnar Hills in Maharashtra.

Threats: Extinction of its natural pollinators, fire, landslides, overgrazing and insects.

5. Phalaenopsis Speciosa:

Endangered species of plants Phalaenopsis Speciosa in India

Phalaenopsis speciosa is a species of orchid which is native to the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. These orchids belong to the Orchidaceae family and have beautiful flowers which are whitish-rose along with purple blotches. They are an endangered species.

Distribution: Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Threats: Loss of habitat.

6. Flickingeria Hesperis:

Endangered plants Flickingeria Hesperis in India

Flickingeria hesperis is a species of orchid which is native to Uttarakhand in India and belongs to the Orchidaceae family. These endangered plants grow up to 1-2 ft, and the colour of the flowers varies from white to cream. These orchids which are also known as the Westerly Flickingeria tend to thrive in moist temperate soil which is found in the Kumaon region of the Himalayas. The medium-sized orchids grow at an elevation of 1500 to 2000 meters.

Distribution: Kumaon region of Uttarakhand, India.

Threats: Climate change and loss and destruction of habitat.

7. Dendrobium Aurantiacum:

Endangered species of plants Dendrobium Aurantiacum

Dendrobium aurantiacum is a type of orchid which is found in the Himalayas, Assam, Bhutan, Bangladesh and South-east Asian countries. They have small to medium sized flowers which are yellow and thrive in altitudes of 1000 to 2150 meters. These beautiful plants usually flower in the spring and early summer.

Distribution: Himalayas, Assam, Bhutan, Bangladesh and South-east Asian countries

Threats: Loss and destruction of habitat and climate change.

8. Syzygium Gambleanum:

Endangered plants Syzygium Gambleanum in India

Syzygium gambleanum is a tree which grows up to 10 meters tall and has a bark which is greyish brown with white patches on it. The bark becomes flaky as it matures. The leaves are simple while the flowers bloom as a thick bunch and are white. The flowers become a berry with a seed inside it. These trees grow at an altitude of 1100 to 1400 meters and thrive in evergreen forests.

Distribution: Kerala, Tamil Nadu and the Western Ghats in Agasthyamalai Hills.

Threats: Climate change and loss and destruction of habitat.

9. Mitrastemon Yamamotoi:

Endangered plants Mitrastemon Yamamotoi in India

Mitrastemon yamamotoi is a parasitic herb which belongs to the genus Mitrastemon and is endemic to South-east Asia and Japan. In India, it is only found in the Khasi Hills of Meghalaya and grows as a parasite on the roots of some trees. These herbs have a cylindrical body and an erect stem with a tuberous base.

Distribution: Khasi Hills in Meghalaya.

Threats: Loss of habitat, destruction of habitat, forest fires, mining and deforestation.

10. Anaphalis Barnesii:

Anaphalis barnesii is a flowering plant belonging to the Asteraceae family which is herbaceous and woody. These plants have a brown stem along with sparse branches. They are found only in the Western Ghats such as Malabar Hills, Annamalai, Nilgiri, Cardamom and Palni hill as well as the coral Laccadive Islands. These flowers are critically endangered due to many factors.

Distribution: Kerala and the Western Ghats.

Threats: Loss and destruction of habitat and ecological changes.

11. Gloriosa Superba L:

Gloriosa superba L is a species of perennial herb which belongs to the Colchicaceae family. They are commonly known as the flame lily, fire lily or tiger claw as they have showy flowers which are bright red or orange. These lilies grow well in forests, tropical jungles, woodlands, thickets, sand dunes and grasslands. They thrive well even in nutrient-poor soil and can be found in altitudes of 2500 meters as well. We have to regret that this beautiful plant become under list of endangered plants in India.

Distribution: Kerala, Assam, Bihar, Meghalaya and Andhra Pradesh.

Threats: Over collection for medicinal purposes, fungal diseases, crop pests and inadequate pollination.

12. Rhododendron Mechukae:

Rhododendron Mechukae (Ericaceae) is a new species of pink rhododendron flower discovered in 2013 in the remote Mechuka valley in Arunachal Pradesh. This endemic and rare variety of rhododendron grows 5 to 10 meters tall and thrives at an altitude of 2400 meters in semi-dense temperate forests. It is a critically endangered species which grows within a minimal area in the Mechuka Valley.

Distribution: Mechuka Valley in Arunachal Pradesh.

Threats: Loss of habitat and deforestation.

13. Vanda Wightii:

Vanda wightii is a type of orchid which is endemic to southern India. These orchids were believed to be extinct but have resurfaced again and are critically endangered presently. The flowers of the tree are a dirty brown, have a pleasant fragrance during dusk and usually flower from August to February and September to December. These orchids grow in deciduous forests at 60 to 80 meters but can also be found at altitudes of 700 meters.

Distribution: Western Ghats in Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Karnataka.

Threats: Loss and destruction of habitat.

14. Dennstaedtia Elwesii:

Dennstaedtia elwesii is a type of fern which is endemic to the open hill slopes North Sikkim and grows at an altitude of 2700 meters. These endangered ferns have rhizomes which are stout, black, glabrous and woody.

Distribution: Lachen, North Sikkim.

Threats: Loss and destruction of habitat.

15. Begonia Watti:

Begonia watti is a flowering plant found in the tropical wet evergreen forests of Nagaland. They grow well on red sandy soils at an elevation of 3200 to 4000 meters. These plants are believed to be endangered or even extinct.

Distribution: Nagaland

Threats: Loss and destruction of habitat.

The hard reality is that many plants and trees are plentiful on the planet and many of those caused mainly by humans are seriously endangered. Immediate action must be taken to ensure the safeguarding and regeneration of these endangered plants. The only way to protect endangered plants in the world is through conservation.

Images: Shutterstock and Pinterest

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