The world has about 3000 species of snakes! Unlike we think, most of them are not poisonous. Only about 300 snake species among them are poisonous. Poisonous snakes use their venom only to attack their prey. They rarely inject venom on non-prey organisms and mostly cause dry bites. Unless provoked, snakes like to be away from humans and avoid any confrontation. These snakes can prove to be deadly due to their highly toxic venom, When provoked or threatened. That’s one reason why they are lethal, their venom! To aware you, we are here by providing information about 12 most venomous snakes in the world that you should know.
Most Venomous Snakes in the World with Images:
1. King Cobra – The Longest Venomous Snake:
The king cobra is renowned as the longest poisonous snake in the World. It can be found in the Indian Subcontinent and most parts of South Asia. They mainly reside on trees. They can also be found on land and water. Their average length is 10 to 13 feet, and some can grow up to 18 feet. Ophiophagushannah is its Scientific name. It is regarded as most venomous snake in the world since its bite is so deadly that the toxin in the venom of one bite can kill 20 people. The venom of even newborn baby King Cobra’s is also as toxic as the adults. The victim of a King Cobra bite can have a range of symptoms including breathing difficulty, pain, vomiting, and dizziness.
2. Russell’s Viper – The Deadliest Snake:
It is another most poisonous snake in the world which found in South and Central India up to Assam. Also, seen in neighbouring countries like Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka. The scientific name for Russell Viper is Daboia russelii. Unlike many poisonous Snakes which cause dry bites mostly, Russell Viper seldom causes dry bites. This poisonous snake in the world is known to have caused many deaths. It is heavy bodied with large fangs. Its average length is 3 feet. Its bite can cause bleeding, especially from the gums and paralysis in neck muscles. Even if the victim recovers from its bite, a severe kidney or renal failure happens due to its highly toxic venom.
[ Read: Different Types of Snakes in The World ]
3. Black Cobra – Most Deadliest Snake:
Do you remember the snakes we see in Indian movies? These are Black Cobras. They are feared and also revered as divine creatures. Black Cobra is also known as Indian Cobra. Its scientific name is Naja naja. The Sanskrit word Naga means Cobra. They are extremely dangerous and possess highly fatal venom. 90% of Black Cobra strikes are usually dry bites. Their unique identification is the hood, which they open when they are about to strike or to threaten. A fully grown Black Cobra is usually 3.3 to 4.9 feet in length. They are found very commonly in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka. When threatened by other creatures, Black Cobras attack the victims striking them repeatedly and chewing them. Cobra bites can be fatal and are therefore one of the most poisonous snakes in the world.
4. Common Krait – Most Venomous Snake:
Common Krait is also known as India Krait or Blue Krait which is also treated as one of the most dangerous snake in the world. Its scientific name is Bungarus caeruleus. It is found in the forests of India and neighbouring countries. This most deadliest snake in the world has an average height of 3 feet. Its venom contains neurotoxins, and the bite can cause paralysis in the victim. It can be considered nocturnal as its very active from late evening to early morning. Also, it is one species that is found in urban areas too and enters buildings and constructions, making it one of the four snake bite causing snakes. Apart from paralysis, a Common Krait snake bite can also cause severe abdominal cramps in the victim.
5. Inland Taipan – Extremely Venomous Snake:
Inland Taipan is an incredibly fierce and deadliest snake in the world which is found in central-east Australia. Its venom has the highest toxicity of any reptile in the world. It beats all other Snakes, including sea snakes. It is believed that one bite possesses enough toxicity to kill 100 humans! Also, unlike other poisonous Snakes, its bite is always venomous. Its scientific name is Oxyuranusmicrolepidotus. Its average length is 6 feet. Truly a very poisonous snake!
6. Golden Lancehead – Colourful Venomous Snake:
This is another most deadly snake in the world. These snakes are found on Ilha da Queimada Grande Island, off the coast of São Paulo state, in Brazil. This island is also known as Snake Island. They don’t appear in any other parts of the world. They grow up to 3 feet long and have beautiful yellowish golden skins. The Brazilian government has banned living or travelling to this island due to the large numbers of Golden Lancehead snakes inhabiting it.
7. Egyptian Cobra – Highly Poisonous Snake:
Egyptian Cobra is seen in Africa and is the largest Cobra native to Africa. Its scientific name is Najehaje. Like all Cobras, it spreads its hood when threatened. Its venom contains both cytotoxins and neurotoxins. An interesting snippet about this Snake is that it is believed that Cleopatra committed suicide by allowing an Egyptian Cobra to bite her. Egyptian cobra is the next most venomous snake in the world!
8. Rhinoceros Viper – World’s Dangerous Snake:
Rhinoceros viper is native to the tropical forests of west and central Africa. This world’s dangerous snake is about 2 to 3 feet long and has a stout body. It has 2-3 horn-like scales at the front on its nose, giving it the name Rhinoceros viper. Its scientific name is Bitisnasicornis. The hemotoxic venom of this Snake can attack the victims’ blood circulatory system and cause tissue damage. Its bite rarely results into death.
9. Western Brown Snake – Very Poisonous Snake:
The western brown snake is native to Australia. It is among the snakes that causes the most fatalities in Australia and is thus regarded as another very poisonous snake. As the name suggests, they are primarily in brown. They can grow up to 4.9 feet long. Western Brown snake bites are usually painless and difficult to see because of the small fang marks. Its venom has neurotoxic and hemotoxic properties causing headache, nausea, and blood clotting issues among others. Its scientific name is Pseudonajanuchalis.
10. Boomslang – Most Poisonous Tree Snake:
Boomslang is a very poisonous Snake. Its scientific name is Dispholidustypus. It can grow from 3 to 5 feet long. It is found in sub-Saharan Africa and avoids dry areas. They have large eyes and seen in colours like olive brown and green. Their bite can cause haemorrhage and may lead to death if untreated immediately. They are considered as Africa’s most venomous Snakes.
11. China Cobra – Highly Dangerous Snake:
The world dangerous snake is China Cobra is found in south-eastern China and neighbour nations. It is also called as Taiwan Cobra. They grow from 4 to 5 feet long. All Cobras including the China Cobra are easy to identify because of their hoods. Its venom is both cardiotoxic and neurotoxic. Though its venom is highly toxic, its bite seldom leads to death, as its anti-venom is widely available. Its scientific name is Naja atra.
12. Western Green Mamba – Super Deadly Snake:
The most deadliest snake in the world is non-other than western green mamba! Its scientific name is Dendroaspisviridis and is a very long, thin and most venomous snake in the world. It is seen in the forests of Southern and East Africa. Their prey includes mammals, rodents and birds. Their venom is neurotoxic and cardiotoxic! However, human deaths because of the Western green mamba is rare for the reason that they are not spotted often.
[ Read: 10 Best Snake Repellent Plants and Trees ]
By now, identifying most poisonous snake in the world must have become easier. These snakes are not only poisonous but also quite aggressive and usually very agile and fast. Read our other articles on how to treat poisonous snake bite to understand act appropriately in time of need.