How many types of scorpions are there? There are up to 2000 scorpions in the world, but thank fully, only about 30 or 40 of them have the ability to kill humans. The many types of scorpions can surely freak us out. One of the reasons we all hate them is because of the venom they carry with them. However, the sting’s intensity may differ. While some of them may simply trigger numbness, others can literally kill you. They fall under the order called ‘Scorpiones’ and within the Arachnida category. They are invertebrates, meaning they have no backbone and has eight legs, a two-segmented body made of the cephalothorax, which is mainly the fused head and thorax that is also a characteristic of the spiders. But did you know that there are a number of types? Here are some of the scorpion species you ought to be aware of.
Types of Scorpions with Their Names:
Here with we’ll try to tell you 15 different types of scorpions with images, that includes a list of most poisonous scorpions too.
1. Giant Forest Scorpion:
Gain scorpion is the biggest scorpion in the world. A fully gown giant forest scorpion is about 100-200 mm in length. They also come in many colours, mostly in darker colours, such as black or brown, or light brown or green and sometimes in blue shades. These are mainly found in India and other parts of the world too and are considered as one among the dangerous species of scorpions. Their sting can be toxic and in such a situation it is always good to consult a doctor.
2. European Yellow Tailed Scorpion:
These scorpions are about 45 mm in length and are distributed in isolated populations of Kent and Hampshire and have a life span of about 2 years. They feed on insects and spiders. They are known to live in the cracks of old walls. Further, they have a black body with tan coloured legs. Even their stinging organ in tan coloured. The European yellow tailed scorpion is nocturnal and their venom is not dangerous to humans. However, if you develop allergic reaction to venom, it is at best to stay away from them.
[ Read: Different Types of Snakes in The World ]
3. Emperor Scorpions:
This scorpion species is a native of West Africa and to the rain forests. It is one of the largest scorpion in the world and can live for about 6-8 years. It has a black body, but when placed under ultraviolet light, it glows to pastel green. Surprisingly, despite being the largest scorpion, it is not lethal to humans. Their venom is being studies by scientists; for some of them claim it can be useful in treatment against malaria. It weighs about 30 grams. They are regarded as the oldest species in Earth.
4. Dwarf Wood Scorpion:
These dwarf wood scorpions are different from the others. Their princersare shaped differently, including the eye location. They are also darker and can be found in the lower elevations of Tripura. Some of these were reported to be seen in Andhra Pradesh and Kerala too. They are about 3cm long and live in burrows, thus it can be difficult to spot them. It is known to feed on insects and other lesser organisms.
5. Tanzanian Red Clawed Scorpion:
The Tanzanian red clawed scorpion looks much like the emperor scorpion, but they are a little more aggressive. They also display a willingness to sting. Their black body and red coloured jaw make them look aggressive, but are smaller than the emperor scorpions. They are about 9-12.5 cm. They are a native of Tanzania and are typically known to hide under rocks or fallen logs, sometimes even in burrows. Their sting is not fatal, like that of a bee and their signature style of attacking the prey is through their claws.
6. Fat Tail Scorpion:
Fat-tailed scorpions are most poisonous scorpions which falls under the genus Androctonus. They are said to contain lethal venom and have a very aggressive temperament. The one notable feature that separates this scorpion from the others is its narrower tail, unlike the other scorpions. Their usual length is 3.1 to 3.9 inches and thus are difficult to go unnoticed. This scorpion species is distributed across the north and West Africa, Middle East and other smaller parts of Asia. The fat-tailed scorpion is very dangerous and also referred to as man-eater. Watch out!
7. Striped Bark Scorpion:
These are another types of poisonous scorpions. Adult striped scorpion are about 60mm in length, while the tail of the male are slightly longer than that of females. This species of scorpions are found under rocks or even debris. They use their princers to capture their prey. They produce harmful venom that can potentially cause discomfort to humans. This is one type of scorpion in Mexico and the main reason it is noticeable is because of its dark stripes on its abdomen, in the anterior surface of the body.
8. Arizona Bark Scorpion:
This type of scorpion in Mexico is also a native of the Sonoran desert. They are small scorpion and brown in colour. Their preferred location is arid and semi-arid conditions. Arizona bark scorpions are nocturnal and step out at night to hunt for crickets, roaches etc. They are rarely fatal and their sting can be dangerous. These scorpions are the only ones that can climb and suspend from ceilings. These scorpions can squeeze between barks. They are known as hardy survivors. While they can’t kill you with the sting, it can potentially lead to shortness of breath or other associated side effects.
9. Florida Bark Scorpion:
Florida bark scorpion are medium to large sized in appearance and can reach a length of 4 inches. Females have bulkier body and males have longer tails. This is type of scorpion in Florida, that has a dark brown body and sometimes have a dusky brownish red colour. They are venomous and are aggressive. One needs to be extra careful when handling them. Their sting is particularly very painful. They fall under the type of pet scorpion, with only a warning that one needs to be more experienced with scorpions before handling them.
10. Israeli Yellow Scorpion:
This scorpion is probably one of the dangerous ones to humans. It is known by the Death stalker and have grey stripes that are horizontal mixed with orange –yellow stripes. Their length varies from 1.1 to 3.0 inches and weigh about 2.5 grams. Their poison is extremely lethal and can cause respiratory dysfunction and cardiovascular problems. They live in arid and semi-arid regions, with very high temperature. They feed on insects and live inside burrows made by other animals and also under debris.
11. Lesser Brown Scorpion:
These species are known to live for about 3-5 years and are nocturnal. They feed on insects and rodents. Their long tail finally end with a stinger and their princers look like claws. They can sting and their venom for them comes as a defence mechanism Pain and swelling are the common symptoms in humans when stung by lesser brown scorpion. They are not always poisonous and are primarily found in Hawaii.
12. Indian Red Scorpion:
The Indian red scorpion falls under the list of deadly scorpions. When this one stings a human, he/she will be subjected to nausea, discolouration of the skin, heart problems, and sometimes even pulmonary edema. Pulmonary edema is known to induce shortage of breath and ultimately death. These scorpions are only about 40-50 cm in length but their sting packs a real punch! They are mostly seen in India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Nepal. This one is surely in the list of deadly scorpions and their colour varies from orange to brown to grey.
13. Giant Hairy Scorpion:
This a type of scorpion in Arizona are also found in Utah, California and Nevada. They are usually 5.5 to 6 inches in length and have a yellow to green colour body. Their sting turns to be aggressive only when provoked. Their venom is mild or sometimes weak. It can give swelling and sharp pain. They feed on insects and crickets and prefer to live in water with heat pad. The other species of the giant hairy scorpion are known to live in rocky deserts, inside burrows and other sandy areas.
14. Striped-tailed Scorpion:
These scorpions are also known as the devil scorpion and is a type of scorpion in New Mexico, including Arizona. They are medium sized, weighing about 9.5 grams and 60-70mm in length. They feed on crickets, roaches and worms. Further, they are venomous but are considered not to be dangerous for humans. Its long tail has a stinger and is used as a defense mechanism against their predators.
15. Whip Scorpions:
Whip scorpion are nocturnal and carnivorous. They have about 8 legs, two of which are their sensory organs and the other six help in walking. They are 25 to 80mm in size and have claw like princers. Usually, they are commonly found under rocks or logs. Their best hiding place is under the debris. They sure look terrifying and when they are provoked they can release strong vinegar like smelling liquid, that can cause irritation, blistering and pain on the human skin. However, they do not have a venom gland and thus do not produce any venom. Whip scorpions therefore do not cause any sting or pain like the others.
[ Read: Scorpion Sting Causes and Symptoms ]
Scorpions are also considered as pet creatures. What you must however remember is to know how to handle them and give them the due attention, along with providing them the right atmosphere to live. In case of irregular symptoms that you may develop from their sting, seek instant medical help and to be on the safer side, get to know these creatures well. Only a very few of them can actually prove to be dangerous to humans. While most of them only sting like a bee, almost all types of scorpions are venomous, one that has the potential to prove harmful to the nervous system. Watch out and take be sure of it!
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