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25 Different Types of Snakes in India with Pictures and Names

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25 Different Types of Snakes in India with Pictures and Names

India is home to nearly 275 snake species. 62 of them are toxic while 42 are mildly toxic. The remainders are not harmful. Snakes are preferred by India’s tropical climate. The survival of snakes is easy across thick forests, water sources, fields, and vegetation everywhere. Snakes are found everywhere from small rural villages and hamlets to towns. Without a way out, people in India don’t kill snakes, whether poisonous or not. Six of the most venomous snakes are found in India. There are various snakes of each genus. In this post, you can find information on the 25 types of snakes which are commonly found in India.

Different Types of Snakes in India:

Here are the top 25 different types of snakes in India with pictures and names.

Types of Poisonous Snakes In India:

Here are the top 20 types of poisonous snakes which are commonly found in India.

1. Indian Cobra/ Asian Cobra/ Spectacled Cobra:

Types of Cobras in India

Among the different types of snakes in India, Cobra is India’s most deadly snake. It is causing as most human bites and deaths as possible. But among the snakes, these are snakes that are worshiped as God, and even kept as pets by snake charmer. The scientific name of the Indian Cobra is Naja naja.

Diet/Feeding: Small mammals, small birds, bird eggs, lizards, frogs, fishes and rats.

Habitat: Forests, semi-deserts, rice fields and cultivated areas.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

2. King Cobra:

Types of Cobra in India

King Cobra is India’s largest venomous snake and has a length of up to 18 feet. This makes it the world’s longest poisonous snake. Ophiophagus hannah is its scientific name. It can be found in Andhra Pradesh (Srikakulam), Odisha and Karnataka. It’s one of India’s most poisonous serpents!

Diet/Feeding: Lizards, frogs, eggs, rats and other poisonous and non-poisonous snakes.

Habitat: Rain Forests.

Conservation Status: Threatened.

3. Andaman Cobra:

As the name suggests, Andaman Cobra is in the Andaman Islands. Its scientific name is Naja Sagittifera. They are dark gray in colour with irregular black markings all over the body. They spit poison, which is known. The Andaman Cobra has no bites to date.

Diet/Feeding: Frogs, rats, lizards, birds and birds eggs and small fishes.

Habitat: Forests and cultivated areas.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

4. Forest Cobra/ Black cobra:

Types of Cobra Snakes

The forest cobra is also called as the black and white-lipped cobra or the black cobra. This snake is belongs to the Naja family, and Naja melanoleuca is a scientific name. It is a great swimmer and can also be seen in water bodies. It is alert and dangerous at all times. The forest cobra bites are not very common, but they can prove fatal if they are bitten.

Diet/Feeding: Rats, frogs, birds, bird eggs, rodents, fishes and lizards.

Habitat: Forests.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

5. Monocled Cobra/ Monocellate Cobra:

This is also known in other areas of South Asia as monocell cobra. The scientific name of this snake is Naja kaouthia. The hood pattern in the rear of the hood is o-shaped, or monocellular. This gives the Indian Cobra a distinct look. Unlike the Indian Cobras, monocular cobras can make them very dangerous at the very first attack.

Diet/Feeding: Frogs, rats, fishes, lizards and other small mammals.

Habitat: Cultivated areas, grass lands and mangroves.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

[ Read: Top 10 Snake Repellent Plants ]

6. Chinese False Cobra/ Large Eyed Bamboo Snake:

This snake is also called as the large-eyed bamboo snake and mock cobra. It is found in East India in large part. The effectiveness of its venom is uncertain, although it is considered as venomous. Pseudoxenodon macrops is its scientific name.

Diet/Feeding: Small mammals, toads lizards, small frogs and rodents.

Habitat: Rocky areas.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

7. Caspian Cobra/ Central Asian Cobra:

Naja oxiana is scientifically known for this cobra. It is also known as Central Asian Cobra, Russian Cobra, and Oxus Cobra. It is seen in Kashmir, India, and the trans-Caspian countries that have earned that name. Although it avoids humans, it is very aggressive and can repeatedly cause severe tissue damage and death.

Diet/Feeding: Amphibians, small mammals and reptiles

Habitat: Shrubs and rocky areas

Conservation Status: Unknown

8. Common Krait/ Indian Krait:

Types of Krait Snakes

Another species of the Big Four in Indian snake name list is the common krait. Blue Krait and Indian Krait are the other common names of this snake. They are present in a number of habitats, ranging from lowlands to urban areas and fields. They are generally found near water bodies. It has highly potent neurotoxins in its venom. The common Krait is therefore known as India’s most poisonous snake.

Diet/Feeding: Rats, lizards, other snakes and kraits.

Habitat: Cultivated areas, rain-forests, grass lands and rocky areas.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

9. Sind Krait:

This Krait can be found in northwest, eastern, and central India. It is also called as Wall’s Sind Krait. This is, like all of Kraits, nocturnal and is active from late evening and early morning. During the day, it is docile and quiet. Bungarus sindanus is its scientific name.

Diet/Feeding: Mice, frogs, rodents and small lizards.

Habitat: Agriculture lands, grass lands, forests and rocky terrain.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

10. Andaman Krait:

Kraits are one of the four major Snakes in India known to be toxic and dangerous. There are several sub-species in Kraits. We can find this snake only in India’s Andaman Islands. The scientific name thereof is Bungarus Andamanensis. We can identify them by its glossy dark brown body with yellowish bands. It is considered an endangered species of the islands because it is hunted by locals because of its high venom potency.

Diet/Feeding: Frogs, small lizards, mice and small kraits.

Habitat: Rocky terrain and forests.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

11. Slender Coral Snake:

Types of Coral Snakes in India

Throughout most parts of India, except in Central and North West areas, the slender coral snake is found. They are in light brown and slender as the name suggests. Their bites are not lethal and can make the bite area itchy or swell. Calliophis melanurus is their scientific name. It is one of the smallest snake among the different types of snakes in India.

Diet/Feeding: Small insects, insect eggs and worms.

Habitat: Forests and marshy areas.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

12. Coral Red Kukri Snake:

It lives in Northeast India’s Himalayan areas. Oligodon kheriensis is the scientific name of this snake. They have knife-like teeth, but they use them to cut off the skin of the animals when threatened and captured by other animals. Otherwise, they are typically elusive.

Diet/Feeding: Termites, earth worms, small mammals, insects and insect eggs.

Habitat: Wooded areas.

Conservation Status: Unknown

13. Bibron’s Coral Snake:

Calliophis bibroni is its scientific name. We can found them in the Western Ghats of India, across the Karnataka state. Their body colour in cherry red to dark purplish brown shades. These snakes usually hide under rocks, under dry leaves, under loose soils, and feeds on other poisonous and non-poisonous snakes.

Diet/Feeding: Frogs, small snakes, mice and other small mammals.

Habitat: Wooded areas.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened

14. Annulated Sea Snake:

Types of Sea Snakes in India

It is one of the snake variety in India and which is scientifically called as Hydrophis cyanocinctus. The blue-banded sea snake is another name for this. It lives in low waters in South and East Asia from the Indian Ocean and other coastal areas. It can be aggressive if it is threatened.

Diet/Feeding: Fish and fish eggs, eels and crustaceans.

Habitat: Worm and tropical oceans.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

15. Banded Sea Krait/ Yellow Lipped Sea Krait:

This snake usually appears in the Indian and Bangladesh oceans. Laticauda colubrina is its scientific name. Yellow lipped sea krait and Colubrine sea krait are the other common names of this snake. Besides oceans, we can also find them in river mouths. This snake has black and whitish bands across its body. It is also one of the most poisonous sea snake in India.

Diet/Feeding: Eels, small fishes and fish eggs.

Habitat: Worm and tropical oceans

Conservation Status: Not-threatened

16. Rattlesnake:

Types of Rattlesnakes in India

The rattlesnake belongs to the family of Viper. Crotalus is its scientific name. There are 33 species of rattlesnake that have sub- again. They get their name from the rattling, which is located at the end of their tails, which makes a rattling noise of vibration. This noise is a warning to its prey. Rattlesnakes rarely bite, and if they bite, it’s rarely fatal.

Diet/Feeding: Rats, mice, squirrels and small birds and bird eggs.

Habitat: Forests, deserts and rocky terrain.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened

17. Russell’s Viper:

Types of Viper Snakes in India

Russell’s vipers’ scientific name is Daboia russelii. It is also known as Indian viper. It is a violent nature snake in the list of poisonous snakes in India. Its prevalence in India make it a high snakebite that causes species and snakebite death. The snake is considered as extremely venomous and dangerous snake in India.

Diet/Feeding: Lizards, mice, rats and scorpions.

Habitat: Forests, woodlands, farmlands.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

18. Indian Green Pit Viper/ Bamboo Pit Viper:

Indian Green Pit Viper, also known as Bamboo Viper, can only be found in South India. Trimeresurus gramineus is its scientific name. We can find this snake in bamboo groves, in forests and near water streams. It has a beautiful green color and is very aggressive.

Diet/Feeding: Birds, bird eggs and lizards.

Habitat: Forests, bamboo graves and woody areas.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

19. Saw-scaled Viper:

Viper Snake Types In India

Swaw scaled viper is a frequently sighting snake and also considered as one of the big four snakes in India. It is causing most snakebite incidents and deaths in India. Echis carinatus is its scientific name. During envenomation, up to 12 mg of venom may be injected, which is more than twice the lethal dose of 5 mg to humans. Its body color and pattern make it opaque.

Diet/Feeding: Frogs, birds, lizards and other small mammals.

Habitat: Rocky terrain, deserts and forests.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

[ Read: Top 10 World’s Most Poisonous Snakes ]

20. Green Vine Snake/ Long-nosed Whip Snake:

It is a slender snake which can be found in a bright green colour. Though considered mildly venomous, it is believed to cause blindness in humans as it stares and strikes the victim’s eyes when a person holds it by hand. Its scientific name is Ahaetulla nasuta.

Deity/Feeding: Lizards, frogs, mice and birds.

Habitat: Trees and bushes.

Conservation Status: Not-Threatened.

Types of Non-poisonous Snakes In India:

Here are the top 5 types of non-poisonous snakes in India with names.

21. Indian Rock Python/ Black Tailed Python:

Types of Pythons Found in India

Indian Rock Python is commonly found in tropical and sub tropical regions of Southeast Asia, especially in India. Its scientific name is Python molurus. Black-tailed python Asia rock python are its other common names. This is non-venomous, like all pythons, but due to its sharp tooth it can inflict wounds.

Diet/Feeding: Birds, reptiles and mammals.

Habitat: Forests,  grasslands and rocky areas.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

22. Yellow Collared Wolf Snake:

It is most often spotted in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. This snake is scientifically called as Lycodon flavicollis and belongs to family of colubridae. There are different types of species in this family like twin-spotted wolf snake, travancore wolf snake, and northern wolf snake. It’s a common Indian serpent in the forest.

Diet/Feeding: Frogs and lizards.

Habitat: Forests.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

23. Asiatic Water Snakes/ Checkered Keelback:

Indian Snakes Types

These snakes are also known as the checked keelback snake in Asia. It is scientifically called as Xenochrophis piscator. They are found in streams, lakes and rivers, as the name suggests. Small frogs and fish they feed on. In general, these sea snakes do not hurt.

Diet/Feeding: Water frogs, fishes and aquatic insects.

Habitat: Fresh water rivers, lakes and canals.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened

24. Banded Racer:

Common Non-Poisonous Snakes in India

This is a Colubrid snake species which is scientifically called as Argyrogena fasciolata. We can find them only in central-eastern India. It feeds mainly on lizards, rodents and birds. Banded racer has been found in India as a non-venomous snake.

Diet/Feeding: Frogs, mice, rats and lizards.

Habitat: Agriculture lands and woody areas.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

25. Brahminy Blind Snake:

It is type of very slender and blind non-venomous snake. This snake is primarily found in Asia and Africa. It is one of the smallest snakes of India. This snake lives in the underground burrows and has an earthworm appearance and characteristics. In urban as well as in rural areas, Brahminy Blind Snake can be found. It is like to feed on ant pupae, larvae and termites.

Diet/Feeding: Termites, termites eggs and ant-eggs.

Habitat: Farming fields and forest.

Conservation Status: Not-threatened.

In preserving the environmental balance, snakes play a key role. Snake are at risk because of habitat destruction due to the development of concrete jungles. To build a healthy environment for them but also for our own protection, we need to protect the snakes. No harm is done by snakes unless their safety is threatened. Remember to keep the gap and moving away from it if you spot a snake. It ought to be our motto to live and let live.

Images Credit: Shutterstock, Pexels.com, Facebook and ResearchGate.com

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