Are you scared of snakes and believe that all types of snakes in the world are a serious threat to humans? Or do you want to know about the various snake species better? Then go ahead and read this article to get the facts right. Snakes belong to the reptile family of the animal kingdom. Their scientific name is Serpentes, and therefore they are also referred to as Serpents. They have lengthy and uniform width bodies that end in a comparatively narrow size that marks their tails. All Snakes are vertebrates. Snakes are believed to have evolved from lizards and inhabited the earth for 167 million years.
Snakes are present in almost every part of the world except in very cold geographies such as Iceland, Greenland, and Antarctica. We can find them mostly in tropical regions. Water bodies, deserts, marshlands, forests also attract snakes. The people who are living in a tropical country should not to miss reading this article.
Types of Snakes in the World with Images:
Here is the list of 25 different types of snakes in the world with images.
A. Different Types of Poisonous Snakes:
Poisonous snakes can be classified into 4 types those are hemotoxic, neurotoxic, myotoxic and cytotoxic. Most of the venomous snakes belongs to four families like Elapidae, Colubridae Viperidae and Atractaspididae. Let us know about the different types of poisonous snakes in the world.
1. King Cobra:
One of the world longest and deadliest snake is king cobra. This snake grows up to 18 feet in length and can kill about 20 people with its one bite venom. We can find these snakes in South Asia, especially Indian. It’s a shy snake and never attempts to bite unless you’ve provoked it. Frogs, lizards and tree snakes are what they love to eat. It also added to the ICNU Red list as vulnerable species. So, there is a need to protect this snake before they go extinct.
[ Read: Most Deadliest Snakes in The World ]
2. Indian Cobra:
Indian Cobra is also renowned as Asian cobra and Spectacled cobra. It is also regarded as one of the most dangerous snake in the world. We can find these snakes in Asian countries like India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Afghanistan and Pakistan. They like to live in ant hills, rat holes and under rocks. They open the hood and make sound if they are provoked. Mongooses, peacocks and eagles are their common predators. Rats, frogs, small fishes, birds, lizards and bird eggs are common prey for this snake.
3. Egyptian Cobra:
This Egyptian cobra is another snake from the family of Elapidae. The scientific name of Egyptian cobra is Naja haje. It is said to be the one of the longest snake from the African continent. One can also find them near the agricultural fields and in the scrub vegetation. These species normally prey on the small mammals, eggs, birds and on the other snakes.
4. Black Mamba:
Even though there are various types of snakes in the world, the black mamba is a unique snake. It is regarded as one of the most poisonous and highly aggressive snake. This snake is enormous in size and agility. It can travel up to 11 kilometres in an hour and can grow from 6.6 feet to 9.8 feet. It is seen in sub-Saharan Africa and is one of Africa’s top deadly Snakes. Though they are called as Black Mambas, they are not in Black! They are found in olive green and grey colours. A bite from this fearful Snake usually proves fatal, with just 2 drops venom sufficient to kill a person. The victim can die in 20 minutes of the bite, especially as this species are found in regions where the access to medical treatment is less.
5. Western Green Mamba:
This is another mamba family snake that is highly poisonous. It also has other names like West African green mamba or Hallowell’s green mamba. We can find this snake in Western Africa. Its venom can spread at high speed and cause fatal reactions in less than 15 minutes of the bite. Victims of the Western Green Mamba Snakebite can have pain and swelling. Other symptoms too will appear rapidly and might lead to death in a matter of 15-30 minutes. The Western Green Mamba is known to be one type of poisonous snake that is dangerous.
6. Common Krait:
Common Krait is also known by the names of Blue Krait and Indian Krait. They are scientifically called as Bungaruscaeruleus. We can find them in a variety of landscapes, from lowlands to urban settlements and fields. They are most commonly found near water bodies and feed on frogs, rats, mice and lizards. Its venom includes highly potent neurotoxins. Therefore, the common Krait is regarded as the most poisonous snake in the World.
7. Many Banded Krait:
The many-banded krait is also known as the Chinese krait or Taiwanese krait. The scientific name for the same is Bungarusmulticinctus. These are different kinds of snakes in krait family that appear in two colour combinations. Some have yellow and black bands while some have white and black bands. They grow from 3.3 feet to 4.9 feet in length. These Snakes are mostly found in China, Thailand, and other Southeast Asian countries. This is known to among the most poisonous land Snakes in the World.
8. Eastern Coral Snake:
Eastern Coral Snake is also called as American Cobra. They are small, slender and brightly coloured. Its primary colours are Black, Red and Yellow. They grow up to 3 feet in length. Their venom is believed to be second most poisonous, after the Black Mamba. The scientific name for this Snake species is Micrurusfulvius. It’s found commonly in the Southeastern United States and a few other regions of the US as well. They are nocturnal and prefer hiding under leaves, rocks and other such reclusive places. The Eastern Coral snake bite can cause paralysis and respiratory failure, but the symptoms usually take many hours to appear. Also, unlike other Snakebites, it causes no pain and swelling.
9. Texas Coral Snake:
Another different snakes are Texas coral snakes. Like all coral Snake, Texas Coral Snake is bright with Black, Red and Yellow rings and is nocturnal. It’s slightly larger than the Eastern Coral Snake. Its venom is as toxic as the Easter Coral Snake. These Snakes are found in Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. Its scientific name is Micrurustener. Texas Coral Snake bite symptoms are same as that of Eastern Coral Snake bite symptoms, with no pain or swelling felt by the victim.
10. Banded Sea Krait:
Other names for Banded Seak Krait are yellow-lipped sea krait and colubrine sea krait. The scientific name is Laticaudacolubrina. They are found in the Pacific Islands and parts of South-East Asia. These Snakes can live on both land and in water. They grow from 3 feet to 4.5 feet in length. Their venom contains potent neurotoxins, 10 times more powerful than that of a rattlesnake and if injected, can cause quick convulsions and cardiac failure leading to death.
11. Chinese Sea Snake:
We can find variety of snakes not only on the earth, but also in the oceans, one of them is a Chinese sea snake. These sea snakes are also known as the black-banded sea krait. This category of snakes lives in warm waters of the Pacific Ocean. It has a short head with a thick trunk. Its neck is not so easily discernible. It has a tail that is spread like a fin and only one out of the three of them are known to produce fangs. This category of snakes are usually found in Japan, Singapore and Fiji. They fall under one of the deadliest snakes in the world, whose venom is ten times stronger than that of the cobra. However, they don’t bite or sting unless they are provoked.
12. Russell’s Viper:
Daboia russelii is the scientific name for Russell’s viper, also known as Indian viper. They are commonly found in India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Bangladesh and China. Its aggressive temperament combined with its common occurrence throughout the world makes it a high snakebite causing species and also death due to snakebite. The viper snake in the world is dangerous and is highly venomous. Not only this snake, but also every type of snake under this viper family are really hazardous.
13. Saw-Scaled Viper:
Saw-Scaled Vipers are also called as Carpet Vipers. They can be found in dry regions of the Indian sub-continent and Africa. Its scientific name is Echis. They are small with a length of 1 to 3 feet and have a stout body. Saw-scaled vipers move slowly with the body looped into S-shaped folds. They are very aggressive and strike quickly. It is believed that the Saw-scaled vipers cause more deaths than all other Snakes put together.
One of the Africa’s most poisonous tree snake is Boomslang which belongs to the colubrid family. Dispholidustypus is the scientific name of this snake. This snake inhabits sub-Saharan Africa. They can grow up to 5 feet in length. We can frequently find these snakes on trees, bushes and shrubs. They generally prey on birds, bird’s eggs, frogs, lizards and chameleons. Eagles and mongooses are the common predators of this snake.
15. Brown Tree Snake:
Brown Tree Snakes are the different types of snakes, which are native to Indonesia, Australia, Papua New Guinea. It is also known as Brown Cat Snake. The scientific name for Brown Tree Snake is Boigairregularis. They are long and slender, growing up to 7 feet in length. Brown Tree Snake is mainly found in tropical forests and grasslands, but of late has been noticed in urban dwellings as well. It is very aggressive and immobilizes its prey by holding on to it. But its venom is found to be less toxic to human beings.
16. Green Vine Snake:
We can frequently find a snake in the snake names list is green vine snake. The scientific name for the Green Vine Snake is Ahaetullanasuta. It is found in India, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Vietnam, Thailand, Burma and Sri Lanka. It is very thin and in bright green colour. If picked up by hand, it can stare and strike at the eyes causing blindness its victims. It has moderately toxic venom, and its bite can cause pain, swelling, redness and other local symptoms. If the bite is in critical areas like the head, eyes, or other parts, it can be dangerous.
[ Read: Snake Bite Causes and Symptoms ]
B. Different Types of Non-Poisonous Snakes:
Remember that non-venous snakes make up the largest proportion of the snake population. This increases the chance for us, humans, to encounter a non-poisonous snake than a toxic one. Some large non-poisonous snakes are also among the most dangerous in the world, with the ability to strangle and eat their prey entirely in a matter of minutes. Let’s continue reading to learn some important facts about non-poisonous Snakes.
17. Burmese Python:
Burmese Snake is among the top five largest Snakes in the world. It can be found in tropical regions of South and South-East Asia. The scientific name for this species is Python bivittatus. These snakes are excellent swimmers and are very common in water bodies and marshlands in India. They grow up to 12 feet and have dark colour skin with brown blotches on their backs. They kill their prey by holding the victim with their sharp teeth and coiling the body until the victim suffocates to death.
18. Reticulated Python:
The reticulated python is found in South Asia. They are the world’s longest Snakes and among the three most heavy snakes. It can grow more than 20 feet in length. It can be identified by its length and net-like pattern on its body. The scientific name for this Snake is Python reticulatus. Like all other pythons, its strike is usually non-venomous. But this does not make it less dangerous as it is reported to have eaten humans completely! It makes a quick strike at its prey and entangles the victim with its long body. Once attacked by the Reticulated python, their chance of survival is very minimal. Hence, it’s suggested to keep away from these animals.
19. Royal Python:
Another name for Royal Python is Ball Python. It is found in sub-Saharan Africa. Like all other pythons, its strike is non-venomous. It is the smallest among the African Pythons and popularly kept as a pet because of its friendliness. It tends to fold into a ball shape when frightened. This snake can grow up to 6 feet in length.
There are different species of snakes in the world, but anaconda needs no introduction. This is a non-venomous snake that is deadly! It is found in tropical South America, and its scientific name is Eunectes. They grow up to 20 feet in length and can weigh a whopping 150 kilos. They seize the victim with their teeth and entangle their bodies with their high strength, thereby killing the victim. Anacondas are reclusive and live in dark waters. This, along with their large sizes and highly aggressive behaviour makes it hard for scientists to study them in detail. They certainly are not the animals you would like to encounter though!
21. Rosy Boa:
We can find many types of snakes in Southern California east to south-central Arizona, North-Western Mexico, Baja California and one of the non-poisonous snake among them is Rosy Boa. The scientific name for Rosy Boa is Lichanuratrivirgata. It thrives in dry areas and deserts. It can also be sighted on very large mountains. They are very small, from 1 to 4 feet in length and attractive. It is one of the slowest moving snakes in the world, but strikes it preys with high speed and accuracy. It can be considered harmless by Humans as it does not strike in defence. Like Rubber boa, it emits a strong musk odour to ward off any harmful predators.
22. Rubber Boa:
This native of the Western USA and British Colombia, Canada, belongs to Charinabottae Genus. These are brown in colour and small in size, growing up to 2.5 feet in length. This is one species that can live in extremely cold weather and high altitudes as well. In addition to being non-venomous, rubber boas do not strike in defence. They emit a very strong musk odour to ward off their predators. Next time you sight a rubber boa, don’t disturb it. It will just crawl away to a safer place, causing you no harm.
23. Grass Snake:
Grass Snake is also called ringed snake and water Snake. Its scientific name is Natrixnatrix. It is typically in dark green or brown colour with a yellow collar-like mark behind its head. It is mainly seen in Europe with occasional sightings happening in the Middle East and Africa. As self-defence, grass snakes hiss and release garlic like smelling substance from their anal gland. Their strikes, generally in defence, are harmless to humans. Also, these non-poisonous Snakes do not bite.
24. Japanese Rat Snake:
As the name suggests, the Japanese Rat Snake is found in Japan. Its scientific name is Elapheclimacophora. They can grow up to 5 feet in length and have beautiful colours on their head. They are kept in cages as pets. Although they are non-poisonous, they can bite or release a strong musk-like odour when in defensive mode. Their albino forms are worshipped in some communities of Japan.
25. Barbados Thread Snake:
The barbados thread snake is the smallest known snake species in the list of snakes. It is as thin as a noodle and maximum 10 cm in length. As the name suggests, it can be found in the Caribbean island of Barbados. The scientific name for this is Leptotyphlopscarlae. It was discovered just a decade ago, and not much is known about it yet.
[ Read: Snake Repellent Plants and Trees ]
Poisonous or not, all snakes can prove to be dangerous for humans if they are provoked in any way. Learning how to identify whether a snake is poisonous or not and further how harmful it is can prove life-saving. Understand the different types of snakes that are commonly found in the place you geography and keep a safe distance from them to avoid fatalities. Everyone has to remember that the famous saying – Prevention is better than cure!