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9 Types of Tropical Fish Species with Pictures

Tropical fish is a type of fish species which reside in the tropical environments around the world and can include both saltwater as well as freshwater species. Many people grow both freshwater and saltwater fish in their aquariums as they come in beautiful and bright colours owing to the presence of pigmented cells and iridescent cells. Most tropical fish include freshwater species as they are cheap and easy to keep. These tropical aquarium fish are sourced either from the wild or from fish farms. These showy fish can create a great addition to your home and office as they are not only beautiful but also help to create a peaceful environment. Let’s have a look at the top 9 types of tropical fish species that you can grow in your aquarium.

Types of Tropical Fish:

1. Blue Dolphin Cichlid:

Tropical Blue Dolphin Cichlid fish

Blue Dolphin Cichlid is also renowned as hump-head fish and is found in Lake Malawi where it grows in its sandy substrates. Along with a distinctive hump on their head, the colour of this species of fish ranges from dark silvery blue to turquoise and has six vertical stripes on its body. They thrive up to a length of 20 cms and prefer to live in a tank with at least 50 gallons of water.

2. Oscar Fish:

Tropical aquarium Oscar fish

The Oscar is a different tropical fish from the Cichlidae family and is also known as velvet cichlid, tiger Oscar, and marble cichlid. They grow up to a length of 35 cms and can live until the age of 11 to 13 years. They are characterized with a dark coloured body along with vibrant yellow stripes while the young one has spotted heads with orange and white stripes.

[ Read: Types of Aquarium Fish Species ]

3. Ocellaris Clownfish:

Types of tropical fish Ocellaris Clownfish

Another best tropical fish is none other than Ocellaris Clownfish. It is an ocean tropical fish which belongs to the Pomacentridae family. They have a brilliant orange body interspersed with white bands which are outlined in black. This saltwater fish can grow up to 11 cms and is oval in shape while their fins are outlined in black. These fish make a wonderful addition to an aquarium as they are hardy and can get accustomed to any kind of environment.

4. Common Molly:

Freshwater tropical Common Molly fish

Common Molly also is known as short-finned molly is a species of freshwater fish which belongs to the Poeciliidae family. These fish can thrive in fresh water as well as marine and coastal brackish waters. They can grow up to 12 cms and are usually silver in colour. They can adapt to any environment and do not require much care.

5. Guppy Fish:

Tropical aquarium fish list Guppy Fish

Guppy is a type of freshwater tropical fish which belongs to the Poeciliidae family. This colorful tropical fish is also known as rainbow fish and million fish and can thrive in varied environments. They are a popular choice in the tropical aquarium fish list as they are very colourful. While male guppies have dorsal fins and ornamental caudal, they are smaller in size than their female counterparts. They can grow up 6 cms.

6. Marine Betta:

Different tropical fish Marine Betta

The Marine Betta is a type of tropical marine fish which is part of the Plesiopidae family. This fish can grow to a length of 20 cms and can be found near reefs, crevices, and caves. They are brown in colour with white spots all over their body. They are nocturnal by nature and come out during dusk to hunt for their food.

[ Read: Different Types of Fishes in The World ]

7. Suckermouth Catfish:

Suckermouth Catfish is a type of tropical fish which belongs to the Loricariidae family and is named so due to the armor-like longitudinal rows of scutes which cover its head and upper body. These nocturnal fish are also known as common pleco and can grow up to 50 cms. They are popular as an aquarium fish as they have the ability to clean algae from tanks.

8. Rainbow Shark:

Rainbow Shark is a species of freshwater fish which belong to the Cyprinidae family. These fishes are also called whitefin shark and ruby shark. They are a popular choice as an aquarium fish in tropical fish varieties as they come in a beautiful hue. They are generally black, bright blue or dark blue with an orange-reddish coloured fin and can grow up to 15 cms.

9. Coral Beauty Angelfish:

The Carol Beauty Angelfish is a saltwater tropical fish which is also known as the two-spined angelfish or dusky angelfish. They thrive in lagoons and coral reefs and can grow up to 8 cms. This marine fish typically have a deep blue coloured body along with orange-yellow highlights. It need a medium sized tank with a capacity of 40 gallons.

[ Read: Types of Marine Fish Species ]

Keeping an aquarium filled with colourful fish is one of the simplest joys in life as most tropical do not require much care and are highly adaptable. It is fairly simple and easy to take care of a tank once you know the basics. Apart from adding aesthetic value to your environs, an aquarium filled with fish can help lower blood pressure, reduce stress and calm your senses.

Images: Shutterstock

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